Monday, January 25, 2010

Search Your Files Faster with Windows 7

Windows 7 uses Windows Desktop Search 4.0 that is built to find your files. The Windows Search applying Advanced Query Search AQS can narrow your searches using a variety of keywords, or search parameters, which can restrict your query to specific locations, specific file types or properties within those types, or specific “file kinds.” File kinds are displayed at the top of the Windows Search Explorer, accessible by pressing the Windows Logo key + F.
Here is a  overview of syntax that can be used with Windows Search 4.0, Windows Vista, or Windows Desktop Search 3.01 for Windows XP, including the properties that can be added to your search terms to narrow and refine your results.

Wildcards

You can use the familiar ? and * wildcard characters in queries.
Wildcard Example Description
? M?crosoft Matches one arbitrary character.
* M*soft, Micro* Matches any number of characters.

Search syntax

Property Example Function


author:name author:patrick Finds items with patrick in the author property.


























































author:(name) author:(patrick hines) Finds items with patrick in the Author property.


























































author:(name OR name) author:(patrick OR bob) Finds items with patrick or bob in the Author property.


























































author:name name author:patrick bob Finds items with patrick in the Author property and bob anywhere in the document.


























































from:name from:patrick Finds items with patrick in either fromName OR fromAddress, since “from” is a property name for both fromName and fromAddress.


























































before:date before:10/9/2007 Finds items whose PrimaryDate field contains a date before 10/9/2007.


























































after:date after:10/9/2007 Finds items whose PrimaryDate field contains a date after 10/9/2007.


























































has:attachment report has:attachment Finds items containing the word report that have attachments. Same as hasattachment:true


























































is:attachment report is:attachment Finds items that have attachments containing the word report. Same as isattachment:true


























































Numbers and ranges
To specify a date range, type the property followed by two dates. For example, type from:david sent:11/05/06..11/05/07. Windows Search recognizes all Windows date formats and also recognizes the following values:
  • Relative dates: Today, tomorrow, yesterday
  • Multi-word relative dates: week, next month, last week, past month, or coming year. The values can also be entered contracted, as follows: thisweek, nextmonth, lastweek, pastmonth, comingyear.
  • Days: Sunday, Monday … Saturday
  • Months: January, February … December
Size and date ranges

Syntax Results


size:>50KB <70KB Searches for files with a value in the Size between50 KB and 70 KB, excluding the end values.



























































size:>=50KB <=70KB Searches for files with a value in the Size property between 50 KB and 70 KB, including the end values.



























































size:50KB..70KB Same as size:>=50KB <=70KB



























































date:>2/7/05<2/10/05 Searches for a date in the Date property between the values 2/7/05 and 2/10/05, excluding the end dates.



























































date:>=2/7/05<=2/10/05 Searches for a date in the Date property between the values 2/7/05 and 2/10/05, including the end dates.



























































date:2/7/05 .. 2/10/05 Same as date:>=2/7/05<=2/10/05



























































Note: on Windows Vista and higher, search syntax supports dates in the user’s current calendar. A query can use any of the formats defined in their Regional Options.
Common file properties
The terms listed in the preceding table can be used with any of the following file properties. For example, to find e-mail from “patrick” that was sent in 2008, your query would look like this: kind:email author:patrick after:12/31/2007.

To restrict by file type Use Example


Communications communications kind:communications


























































Contacts contacts
person
kind:person
kind:contacts



























































E-mail email kind:email


























































Instant Messenger conversations im kind:im


























































Meetings meetings kind:meetings


























































Tasks tasks kind:tasks


























































Notes notes kind:notes


























































Documents docs kind:docs


























































Music music
song
kind:music
kind:song



























































Pictures pics
pictures
kind:pics
kind:pictures



























































Videos videos kind:videos


























































Folders folders kind:folders


























































Folder name foldername foldername:mydocs


























































Programs programs kind:programs


























































Recorded TV tv kind:tv


























































Link link kind:link


























































Journal entry journal kind:journal



























































Properties for file type: All

Property Use Example


Title title, subject, about title:manager


























































Status status status:active


























































Date date date:lastweek


























































Date modified datemodified, modified modified:lastweek


























































Importance importance, priority importance:high


























































Size size size:>50MB


























































Deleted deleted,isdeleted isdeleted:true


























































Is attachment isattachment isattachment:false


























































To to, toname to:johnsmith


























































Cc cc, ccname cc:david


























































Company company company:adventure-works


























































Category category category:business


























































Keywords keywords keywords:sports


























































Album album album:greatest


























































File name filename, file filename:2006hits


























































Genre genre genre:jazz


























































Author author, by author:david


























































Folder folder, under, path folder:adminstration


























































Ext ext, fileext ext:.rtf


























































Tags tag, keyword tag:personal


























































Type type type:image




























































Comments comments comments:excellent


























































Last saved by lastsavedby lastsavedby:josh


























































Document manager documentmanager documentmanager:jonas


























































Revision number revisionnumber revisionnumber:4a


























































Date last printed datelastprinted datelastprinted:yesterday


























































Slide count slides slides:>20


























































Properties for file type: Music

Property Use Example


Bit rate bitrate bitrate:>150kbps


























































Artist artist, by artist:U2


























































Year year year:1977..1987


























































Album album album:”greatest hits”


























































Genre genre genre:rock


























































Lyrics lyrics lyrics:”happy birthday to you”


























































Track #, track track:12


























































Year year year:>1980<1990


























































Properties for file type: Picture

Property Use Example


Camera make cameramake cameramake:nikon


























































Camera model cameramodel cameramodel:eclipse


























































Dimensions dimensions dimensions:8×10


























































Orientation orientation orientation:landscape


























































Date taken taken
datetaken
taken:last
datetaken:6/12/2006



























































Width width width:33


























































Height height height:66


























































Flash mode flashmode flashmode:no flash


























































Properties for file type: Recorded TV

Property Use Example


Broadcast date broadcastdate broadcastdate:2005


























































Channel number channel channel:7


























































Closed captioning closedcaptioning closedcaptioning:true


























































Date released datereleased datereleased:2007


























































Episode name episodename episodename:zeppo


























































Properties for file type: Video

Property Use Example


Name name
subject
name:vacation
subject:hawaii



























































Ext Ext
filext
ext:wma
filext:wma



























































Download it for Windows Vista and Windows XP

http://www.microsoft.com/windows/products/winfamily/desktopsearch/choose/windowssearch4.mspx?tab=Install%20It

Additional Resources

http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/bb266512(VS.85).aspx
http://www.microsoft.com/windows/products/winfamily/desktopsearch/technicalresources/advquery.mspx

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